Attachment And Trust Versus Mistrust Essay

1635 Words Apr 26th, 2016 7 Pages
Attachment and trust versus mistrust will be discussed in the following paragraphs due to their related nature. The first stage of Erikson’s psychosocial development is trust versus mistrust, this stage begins with infants and lasts until about 18 months (Papalia & Martorell, 2015). It is posit by Erikson that this is the most important stage in an individual’s development. It is in this stage that the child learns if their environment is a place they can trust and whether they can trust the adults in their lives (Papalia & Martorell, 2015). If the child develops a sense of trust with those in their environment then the virtue of hope is developed (Papalia & Martorell, 2015).
John Bowlby developed the attachment theory in the mid-20th century. The attachment theory was based on Freud’s psychoanalytical theory (Papalia & Martorell, 2015). Attachment is the way in which a baby and their caregiver relate to each other. Babies depend on their caregivers to provide for their existence/survival, as they are unable to do it themselves (Papalia & Martorell, 2015). The child is better able to engage positively in their environment when they develop a secure attachment with their caregiver. Attachment is important because it lets the baby know they have a support system they can return to for comfort if they are afraid (Papalia & Martorell, 2015).
The baby learns to react to how the caregiver responds to their needs, if the caregiver is consistent with their response to…

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