Atomic Bomb Lighting Essay

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The Atomic Bomb Lighting the Way for Radiation Protection Even though radiation has been around since the beginning of time there was little known about it. When x-rays were discovered in 1895, radiation research followed suit right after. With Germany under Hitler’s reign, the Nazis began separating uranium to form the first atomic bomb to control the world. The push for the United States to be the first with the atomic bomb began with this knowledge. With the help of several scientists the United States succeeded of building the atomic bomb first. Two atomic bombs were used a uranium bomb on Hiroshima and a plutonium bomb on Nagasaki. Along with the many deaths were six stages of A-bomb illness which includes acute stages, atomic bomb …show more content…
Albert Einstein is the one who wrote to President Roosevelt in 1939 about making a powerful bomb from uranium (Amrine, 1959). In July 1939 Einstein called Edward Teller, Eugene Wigner, and Leo Szilard to help with the construction. Dr. Szilard was a partner of Fermi with experiments establishing sustained nuclear fission and these two scientists foresaw the inevitable atomic age (Amrine, 1959). Szilard saw the bomb as a threat to Hitler in 1939 but in 1945 the bomb was a threat to the human race (Amrine, 1959). Ernest Lawrence believed the atomic bomb could be made by the conversion of uranium 238 into plutonium 239 and/or the separation of uranium 235 from uranium 238 (Compton, 1956). Lawrence urged the importance of the development of the atomic bomb first since the Nazis were working on separating the two forms of uranium and had made progress. The Nazis saw the atomic bomb as a new weapon of decisive importance to get the world in their hands (Compton, 1956). Hiroshima was bombed on August 6, 1945 with the uranium bomb where the fast chain reaction emitted a soundless flash where temperature inside the fireball reached one million degrees Celsius; neutron and gamma rays saturated the city Centre (Ham, 2014). Nagasaki was bombed on August 9, 1945 with the plutonium bomb and it had to be armed before the B-29 took off because of the complex firing mechanism (Ham, 2014). After Hiroshima and Nagasaki was …show more content…
There were several stages of illness the atomic bombs caused that includes the acute stage, atomic bomb trauma, atomic bomb radiation illness, radiation blood injury at lethal dosage, blood injuries, and secondary radiation illness (Destructive Effects, 2006). The acute stage was from the initial exposure to the fourth month which includes both primary and secondary thermal burns. Primary burns were flash burns while the secondary burns were caused by scorch, contact, and flame (Destructive Effects, 2006). There were so many deaths that occurred from the dropping of the atomic bombs. Atomic bomb trauma was the second stage which also includes primary injuries from the blast and secondary injuries form the flying debris, being buried under the rubble, and compression from the blast (Destructive Effects, 2006). The third stage was radiation illness which penetrated deeply into the human body and injured cells. From the injuries of the cells and molecules it resulted in many things including cell death, inhibited cell division, abnormalities of intracellular molecules and membranes (Destructive Effects, 2006). The most radiation sensitive cells are young blood cells, lymphocytes, spermatogonia, follicle cells, mucosal epithelial cells, and epithelial cells of the eye lens, and cells forming the hair bulb (Destructive Effects, 2006).

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