Atlantic Revolutions : A Global Context Essay
¥ From the mid-eighteenth century to the mid-nineteenth century, a series of uprisings shook states and empires from Russia to China and from Persia to West Africa.
¥ There were several aspects of the North American, French, Haitian, and Spanish American revolutions that make them distinct and clearly part of the Atlantic Basin.
¥ The intellectual impact of the Enlightenment created a trans-Atlantic print culture, wherever ideas were changed and debated.
¥ John Locke (1632–1704) argued that humans should create “social contracts” between the people and also the government.
¥ The Atlantic revolutions all shared a strong democratic impulse and outcome.
¥ While, with the exception of Haiti, all the revolutions promoted the interests of white men of property.
¥ The immediate events of the Atlantic revolutions were native political acts and events and their impact was actually international.
¥ They set the terms of political debates well into the 20th century.
¥ Nationalism became the most potent political ideology of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries.
¥ The French Revolution’s emphasis on human rights impacted the formation of the international organization in 1948 and dissident Chinese students in 1989.
The North American Revolution (1775-1787)
¥ There was no wholesale social transformation.
¥ English settlers in the Americas identified with England and English culture.
¥ They enjoyed the freedoms of life in a land with no…