Essay about Asthma

2288 Words Feb 20th, 2015 10 Pages
Running Header: Asthma

Paper on Asthma
September 10, 2010

Abstract
Chronic bronchitis is a preventable disease highly linked to smoking. Once a patient is diagnosed with chronic bronchitis through pulmonary function tests and other exams, it is not curable but there are medications that may help in alleviating symptoms. Chronic bronchitis patients are often referred to as “Blue bloater.” In chronic bronchitis, there is a marked increased in the proliferation of the goblet cells that results in excess mucous production. There is marked inflammation of bronchial mucosa due to infection or chemical inhalation. There is excessive mucus production occurring on most days for at least three consecutive months for two consecutive
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Long-term and progressive in nature, chronic bronchitis is a disease that results in the inflammation of the bronchial tubes. The inflammation and swelling result from excess production and secretion of mucus resulting in the narrowing of bronchial tubes. In chronic bronchitis, after a long period of time many of the ciliated cells that line the respiratory airway begin to loose their function and eventually disappear. These ciliated cells function in the clearing of mucus that is produced by the goblet cells. In contrast, goblet cells undergo hypertrophy and hyperplasia which results in the increase of mucus do to the irritation of the respiratory tract. Chronic bronchitis patients are also known as “Blue Bloaters”. The body shape of these patients tends to be stocky or fat in nature. There is an increased use in accessory muscles in these patients when breathing. These blue bloaters tend to produce large amount of purulent phlegm. The skin color tend to be cyanotic hence the term blue bloaters. Upon auscultation, the breath sounds heard tend to be normal to decreased in nature. Wheezing is episodic in nature. When performing arterial blood gas (ABG), the PaO2 while resting tends to be moderately or severely decreased, while PaO2 during exercise tends to be stable. PaCO2 is increased. HCO3- is elevated. In regards to PFTs, RV (residual volume) and TLC

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