Asthma Is A Chronic Long Term Disease Essay examples

817 Words Nov 29th, 2015 4 Pages
Asthma is a chronic long-term disease that affects breathing tubes that carry air in and out of the lung, it can further be defined as a persistent inflammatory disorder that is linked up with physiological abnormalities in the airways, which can be a variable airflow limitation and airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR). The physiological uneasiness in the airways can be variable symptoms like chest tightness, shortness of breath, cough or wheeze. In some case, these symptoms can be mild or even absent, and, on the other hand, the symptoms can be severe and worsen acutely which leads to an asthma exacerbation. (1) Asthma begins in bronchi which can be developed through inherited allergies, atopy, exposure to certain allergens, viruses and irritants in early childhood when the immune system is still evolving. (2) Like every other ailment, asthma has triggers which induce an asthma attack. The trigger can either be, allergic and non-allergic. The allergic triggers are house dust, pollen, molds, animal fur, cockroaches, chemical fumes and vigorous physical workout. The non-allergic triggers are hormonal deficiencies and autonomic imbalance. An asthma attack occurs when the muscles in the bronchial tubes begin to tighten and narrow when in contact with the trigger. Air can not properly flow in or out of the lungs when bronchospasm occurs because mucous enters the narrowed bronchial tubes and blocks them up, which causes a decrease in air flow. The attack varies in severity and…

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