Assisted Reproductive Technology Essay

2729 Words Jan 28th, 2011 11 Pages
Assisted reproductive technology

Assisted Reproductive technology (Art) is a technology used to make babies in artificial way. This technology gave hope to a lot of people all over the world to have children. Statistics show that almost Three million infants have been delivered using Assisted Reproductive Technology in the last 30 years, all over the world. This procedure enables couples to achieve pregnancy, for example women or men who are infertile; also singles that want have babies, and gays and lesbian. Basically the (Art) process of intercourse is done by insemination (Like, artificial insemination) or fertilization, and this procedure is done by taking the Oocyte and fertilizing it in the laboratory (For example, in vitro
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They wait approximately from 3-5 days, and check if embryo is created. After that the healthy embryo is implanted inside the woman’s body. Another procedures that are not often used is the Zygote intrafallopian transfer (ZIFT) and Gamete intrafallopian transfer (GIFT). The( Zift) is almost similar to the IVF except that the healthy embryo is implanted in the fallopian tube instead of the uterus. In the procedure (Gift) what happens is a little bit different then the IVF, instead for fertilizing the egg outside the woman’s body they fertilize the egg inside the woman’s body ([ART] National Center for Health Statistics). Another treatment that can be used is the Tintracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). This procedure is basically used in male who suffer from infertility and don’t wont to undergo the sperm insemination procedure. ICSI is preformed via surgery, they take a mature egg and delicate needle used to pick up the sperm and then they carefully insert it via the shell of the egg called (Zona) until it reaches the center of the egg (cytoplasm). In the morning the gametes are checked for evidence of normal fertilization. Once a successful fertilization is accomplished they physically implant the embryo into the woman’s uterus (advacedfertility 1996-2010).
Assisted Reproductive Technology depends on many things that affect the success

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