HS150 World Civilization I
“Describe the conquests of Alexander the great and analyze the legacy of his empire”.
In just twelve years, Alexander the Great conquered many territories, and took control of lands from west of the Nile to east of the Indus. Alexander took control over Syria, Palestine, Egypt, most of the Middle East, and many more. Alexander was one of the eight children of Philip II. Philip II prepared Alexander for a political and military future, to make him a leader. He was educated very well by a Greek Philosopher named Aristotle. Aristotle taught Alexander many different things, not just basic; he opened Alexander’s interest to Science, Medicine, and Philosophy. After his
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In 330 BCE, Darius III was deceived and murdered by one of his own men. Alexander then acquired the title and office of Great King of Persia. Alexander still not quite satisfied to rest with the loot of the Persian Empire, decided to move east and northeast into Pakistan and by the summer of 327 BCE moved into India which was separated into a number of belligerent states. In 326 BCE, Alexander’s troops triumphed the merciless fought Battle of the Hydaspes River in northwestern India. Alexander requested to continue moving forward but, his army men rejected the idea to continue because they were tired and weary of fighting, mutinied and denied the idea of moving on. Alexander then headed back and guided his troops across the parched lands of Southern Persia. Alexander’s troops suffered, and heavy casualties were occurred due to the lack of water and too much heat before they reached Babylon. In spite of the great casualties that his troop suffered, this didn’t stop Alexander from gimmicking more campaigns. Anyhow in 323 BCE, weakened from fever, wound and perhaps excessive alcohol consumption Alexander died at the age of thirty-two.
Regardless of Alexander’s beliefs, views, and thought, the extension of the Greek language and ideas to the non-Greek world of the Middle East. Alexander liquidation of the Persian monarchy build opportunities fro Greek merchants, soldiers, engineers, ect, and those who obeyed him and his followers could attend in the new political unity