Essay about Assessment of Student Performance

1012 Words Oct 13th, 2011 5 Pages
COURSE: RESEARCH METHODS

PROPOSAL WRITING

TOPIC:

ASSESSMENT OF STUDENTS: WHETHER END
OF SEMESTER EXAMINATION IS THE ONLY INDICATOR OF STUDENTS’ PERFORMANCE.
(A CASE STUDY OF UNIVERSITY OF GHANA)

INTRODUCTION

Lecturers most often use assessment to obtain information that helps them improve their instruction. This in turn helps them to bridge the gap between curriculum standards and student achievement. Assessment is also used for accountability purposes, for both students and teachers. Classrooms are made up of a diversity of learners and so to help them to make appropriate instructional decisions and to provide valid information for accountability, teachers use a wide variety of assessments.

PROBLEM DEFINITION
Most
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Alternative assessments include observations, performance assessments, student self-assessments, and portfolios. Traditional assessments include both standardized and classroom achievement tests with predominately selection type questions (Bol, Stephenson, & Nunnery, 1998). Classrooms are diverse collections of children and learning is a complex process. In order to provide valid and usable information, assessment needs to be given in a variety of ways, using both traditional and alternative methods instead of sticking to one method.
This makes sense because given the diversity of achievement targets it becomes obvious that no single assessment method is capable of reflecting them all. In other words, student achievements such as the memorization of multiplication facts are best measured by assessment methods such as a traditional paper-and-pencil achievement test, it doesn't make sense to create a portfolio based entirely on math facts mastered (although it could be done). With other modes of learning, alternative assessment methods provide better information. For instance a writing product can be assessed through the use of a scoring rubric, likely providing more valid information for both instructional and accountability purposes than a multiple choice test would. In fact, performance-based assessment provides teachers with information about how the student understands and applies knowledge and this can't be done as well with multiple

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