Aspects Of Slavery

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The Comparative Aspects of Slavery in the United States and Brazil

The United States (U.S) and Brazil are two Western cultures that both went through a period in the 19th century where Africans worked as slaves. In the Southern U.S., slavery was high in the mid-1800s, but it was not abolished until the end of American Civil War in 1865 when the House passed the 13th Amendment. Like the U.S., Portuguese settlers also employed slaves, but slavery was not abolished until the late-1800s. Brazil had more slaves imported and they lived with brutal conditions, yet it was abolished without violence, compared to the United States. Slaves in both countries attempted to escape differently, too. These two foundations of slavery were different,
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The escape alternative for workers leads to relatively high wages and mobile labor is incompatible. Slavery was an escape from the harsh possibilities of communist uprising and the relentless rivalry of laissez-faire capitalism (Tetlock et al., 1994). The most common labor arrangement during the times of slavery in North America was indentured servitude. Indentured servitude lead to a higher acceptance of slavery and ended general servitude as the main form of labor (Watson, 2014). Indentured servitude became established in the early 1600s in one of America’s earliest colonies, Jamestown. Indentured servitude made it reasonable for those deported from numerous European countries to adventure into the New World and was a typical practice that was crucial to the economic and social advancements of colonial America (Snyder, 2007). Indentured servitude also had long-term debt which created a suspect menial class once the debt was paid off. The property qualifications continued well into the 19th century. Indentured servitude was one of the things that led to the Transatlantic Slave Trade. More than twelve million people came to the …show more content…
Brazilian natives felt that Muslim slaves were a threat. As a result, they baptized these slaves before arriving to Brazil and made them practice Christianity because these natives did not want to have Muslim slaves. However, there was a numerous amount of slaves that remained Muslim because there were several mosques in the Brazilian city of Salvador. These slaves tried to fight against Christianity conversion. Brazilian slavery also led to the founding of Candomblé, an Afro-Brazilian religion founded in the Brazilian state of Bahia and mixed Catholic and traditional African tribal beliefs. Candomblé is seen as a matriarchal religion in which women were in the highest-ranked positions and men in the higher levels of the religious area was abnormal, if not disapproved (Castillo, 2013). Candomblé is one of the few religions where women dominate the clergy. Compared to the U.S., the virtue of marriage was more greatly respected in Brazil. Learning prayers was fundamental for slaves to get married. There were even a few religious fellowships, which slaves were exceptionally quick to join to practice their faith. Slaves in Brazil went from an Islamic faith to a Christian

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