Sartre's Theory Of Individualism

1648 Words 7 Pages
Existentialism, also known as individualism, is a psychological belief originating in the late 19th century and developed throughout the 20th century in France. It was first influenced by Sartre’s philosophical view, or in general the cultural progression disciplined by theology, dramatic arts and literature. The main concept varies in philosophical, religious and political views that construct the belief’s intuition. It embraces atheism, in which existentialists believe there is no God to rule over them for they define their own purpose in life. They express their own individual freedom and authorize independent choices through their existence, and assume that they live in an isolated world alone. Today, our global society is influenced by …show more content…
Sartre’s phenomenological strategy suggests that the human dimension refers to the inquiry of ‘being’; inspired by a similar theory of Heidegger’s Dasein, which is the German word for ‘presence’. Sartre regards his understanding of human existence through the influence of his own morality. The belief of “Being and Nothingness” verifies the phenomenon that there are two different types of existence: ‘being’ and ‘consciousness’. This knowledge indicates that our consciousness have two sides to reality which are beyond our own understanding. Existentialists view the world through what they see and how they see it based on the scene in front of their eyes. They perceive the combination of appearances in our society as part of their imagination as if it is not …show more content…
This philosophy precedes the Great Depression and World War II, and it raised the pessimistic thoughts of individuals during this time of catastrophe. A majority of the population suffered from this cruel devastation, and life had become an exhaustion. Many people failed to discover the meaning of life and this weakened their self-assurance in religion, causing them to doubt their faith. The result of this tragedy led to the people replacing their belief in religion with scientific interpretations and temporal affairs. Since then, they created a new belief called existentialism, in which they oppose the existence of God and the nature of religion in general. Existentialists believe that they were created to find their own meaning in life and there is no specific explanation to fully describe how humans exist since the beginning, for they have no proof to support any claim. Most existentialists believe no God or a transcendent power started the world, for humanity is considered as nothingness and that is why they want to discover what to live

Related Documents