Arya's Masculinity Analysis

Superior Essays
We have looked at the causes of Arya 's masculinity from different angles and different perspectives, but all previous perspectives focus on intrinsic factors such as high testosterone level, struggle between Id and Superego, and dispositional traits. However, the development of personality must be caused by the interaction between both the intrinsic and extrinsic variables. As the result, her masculinity might be also caused by her surrounding and culture. The current section examines these extrinsic factors.
Arya 's masculinity can also be explained by social learning theory which claims that gender roles are developed through reinforcement and modeling. According to the Law of Effect, the rewarded behaviors will increase its frequency.
…show more content…
Another reason why masculinity is more rewarding is because that engaging in masculine activities is the only way for Arya to regain self-esteem. According to self-evaluation maintenance model, our self-identities and self-concepts can be threatened by how other people perform. The intensity of the threat depends on how close the person is to us, how personally relevant the activity is, and how others perform compare to us (Gilovich, 2013). For example, if others perform better than us in certain activity, and such an activity is very important to us, we will tend to have low self-esteem. To regain self-esteem, we can pursuit other activities. Following the logic, it is possible that Arya initially like to participate in feminine activities; however, her sister Sansa is more successful and better than Arya in these activities. In order to promote her self-esteem, Arya choose other activities that she can perform better than Sansa; as the result, she starts to engage in masculine activities. At last, Arya 's persistence and resistance of masculinity can be explained by her motivation to reduce the gap between her behaviors and thinking. According to cognitive dissonance theory, discrepancy between attitudes and behaviors …show more content…
Previous study has shown that masculinity can be transmitted through the population via cultural transmission (Heine, 2008). Culture of masculinity emphasizes on honor and aggression. In addition, people with culture of masculinity are especially aroused by unfair treatment. Arya’s culture of masculinity is revealed by her obsession of revenge after her family members are unfairly murdered. She even keeps a death list in her heart. Arya constantly repeat to herself the name of people she wishes dead. Such a masculine culture can be caused by the local geography. Geography that promotes herding foraging behaviors can stimulate culture of masculinity; to show aggression and toughness when being treated unfairly, since livelihood can be easily stolen. If herders don 't show aggression and toughness when being unfairly treated, more livelihoods can be stolen. In a way, aggression serves as a warning that communicates to others to stay off the property. Accordingly, southerner (previous herders) should be more aggressive and violent than northerner in the United State. Indeed, the hypothesis is confirmed by archival data, survey data, physiological measure, experimental study, and field experiment (Nisbett, 1996). These results have huge implications for personality development of Arya. Northern culture especially promotes Arya 's aggression. Living in the harsh

Related Documents

  • Improved Essays

    Overweight people who are jealous of those more physically active than them will have a low self-esteem because they will want to achieve what normal weight people have achieved. “Perhaps the tendency to compare oneself to others possessing the thin ideal is the main source for the negative effects produced by the exposure to thin ideal media” (Gayle R. Bessenoff). Overweight people who are motivated by those that are more physically active than them will have a high self esteem because they will be encouraged to do better and live a better live like the normal weight people. “However, upward comparisons may also serve to enhance the selves by eliciting behaviors to improve oneself” (Higgins). Both reactions create comparisons with the “superior” as the media calls it and creates a sense of different social levels in the world.…

    • 2061 Words
    • 9 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Great Essays

    A village that has been raided lose their women and children to the victors as well as domesticated dogs and other material objects the village once possessed, such as shotguns acquired by Europeans. They are hesitant to attack larger, stronger villages, as they fear retaliation; “live constantly if not nervously in a condition of threat of attack” (A Man Called Bee, 1974). A village’s reputation is constituted by the sum of fierce ones a village has. Yanomami use persuasive power in ways of arguments and reciprocity to other similar sized villages to form an alliance. Allied neighbours won’t attack without warning and may even help to raid common enemy’s, strong alliances may even offer refuge in times of…

    • 1649 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Great Essays

    There is a repetition of “looked” suggesting that the speaker is hungry for revenge and violence as she continues to look at living things with the intent of killing them though they are innocent, maybe due to the anger,jealousy of being wronged by her lover though she was once innocent too. In both poems the speaker’s love for a person mutates into them wanting that person to suffer due to jealousy. In medusa this is shown when the speaker says “Look at me now” threatening the one who betrayed her along with the audience as medusa has the power to kill with by sight. This can also be seen in “The laboratory” when the speaker says “He is sure to remember her dying face!” The exclamation emphasises the speaker’s excitement for brutality portraying how the speakers time with jealousy has led to her enjoying human…

    • 1349 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Vengeance In The Oresteia

    • 727 Words
    • 3 Pages

    In the Oresteia, the city of Argos is tragic due to the need for vengeance and the curse that runs in the house of Atreus. Agamemnon is a war hero who carries a curse in his family bloodline. The family carries this curse since they have a desire to gain power and punish through murder. The family of Argos only focuses on their own belief of what they view as just and act from that. They seek revenge and reasons to murder to gain justice and punish those who are guilty.…

    • 727 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    Moral Theory By Rachels

    • 1124 Words
    • 5 Pages

    He believes that we should be rewarded for working hard and not being lucky or just being naturally talented. My thoughts on this subject almost match those of Rachels. The only part that I differ in opinion with is that if the “talented” individual is working hard to improve his/her skill, I believe he/she may be rewarded for that and it still be considered fair to everyone else. If they are not trying to improve in any way and they are just taking advantage of their talent to be appreciated, they should not receive any…

    • 1124 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Another negative outcome can be having envy of others when they are more successful than you are. According to Mead,“ We tend to regard the success of people close at hand , within our small groups ,as a threat (Mead,Lines 6-7).” This quote explains that we envy people who are more or as successful as we are. It all comes down to a saying that goes like this they want you to do good but never better than them. This saying says that Americans help each other's thinking that they will get repaid by being successful. People don't understand that being envious of others, will only worsen…

    • 587 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Barbara Fredrickson Love

    • 1667 Words
    • 7 Pages

    The concept of neural coupling would also make these successful marriages happier by reducing the sacrifices made by each partner. Couples would no longer view sacrifices as being crucial to the success of the marriage. Seeing the body as a verb allows for more openness and room for someone else in your brain. It allows to see someone else’s point of view to allow for the elimination of sacrifice through understanding and low self-esteem during a relationship. Sacrifice which may lead to a low self-esteem is very dangerous…

    • 1667 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Great Essays

    Whenever we confront a product, apart from its functionality, appearance and quality, a deeper message or a sign was usually sent out from the designer to the users. When these messages or signs were used repeatedly as time goes on, they will affect our self-concept and integrate with the society as one. That is when gender stereotypes start to form its root and breed slowly, resulting in different social issues. Research on gender stereotypes has shown that men are commonly perceived as more reliable and more competent than women. On the other hand, women are perceived as more sensitive and sociable than men.…

    • 1503 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Individuals learn lessons in gender rather than resist lessons in gender. People who learn lessons in gender have a tendency to have a receptive outlook and are accustomed to change while people who resist lessons in gender focus on traditional values and believe that one sex is always more superior than the other. We learn lessons in gender because of how the environment impacts our perceptions of gender and our personal perspectives of the definitions of femininity and…

    • 983 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Great Essays

    Peta Research Paper

    • 1505 Words
    • 6 Pages

    Why? Because the evidence they provide is only one sided. If PETA was to input both sides of the claims then the support for their organization would diminish drastically; the reason being, that people would see the falsely advertised information provided by PETA. To reiterate, PETA has begun stating claims supporting the idea that hunting causes: car crashes, corruption, wrongful conservation, and cruelty. These erratic claims have begun to outrage the hunting populace, especially because every single one of these claims have a much deeper root than PETA would like to express.…

    • 1505 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Great Essays