Artificial Intelligence Essay

1243 Words Jun 12th, 2013 5 Pages
INF 103: Computer Literacy
Instructor: Bonita Spight-Williams
April 13, 2013

Artificial Intelligence What does our future hold in the area of Artificial Intelligence? “The goal of many computer scientists since the mid–20th century has been to create a computer that could perform logical operations so well that it could actually learn and become sentient or conscious. The effort to achieve this is called artificial intelligence, or AI.” (Bowles, 2010). AI is a branch of computer science that deals with developing machines that solve complex problems in a more human-like manner. This involves computers adopting characteristics of human intelligence. However, it has many associations with other
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The Turing test is a test of a machine’s capability to perform human-like conversation. With the Turing test, he made a significant contribution to the debate regarding synthetic consciousness. The Turing test called for a human judge to engage in a natural language conversation with two parties, one a human and the other a machine. They would all be placed into separate rooms and the questions would be written onto paper. If the judge cannot reliably tell which is which, then the machine is said to pass the test. Turing’s test, however simple, fueled the notion that one day scientist could possibly create computers that would function as human thinking machines. As of now, no computer has been able to pass the Turing test. Scientists have yet to capture all the traits of human intelligence to generate a completely artificially intelligent machine, however they are getting closer. In 1997, IBM's Deep Blue computer beat the world chess champion, Garry Kasparov. The computer could evaluate chess positions rapidly to make the most strategic move. Deep Blue could win a game of chess but it could tell us the strategy it used and it was limited to only playing chess unlike humans that can learn to play many different games. (Norvig, 2012)
In 2005 IBM developed a computer that they named Watson, after IBM’s first president. The Watson system was built by a team of IBM scientists whose goal was to create a standalone

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