Article Response Assignment : Sex And Temperament Essay

967 Words Oct 18th, 2015 4 Pages
SOC 1020 – Article Response Assignment #1: Sex and Temperament The chapter I chose was chapter 16: Sex and Temperament. The chapter analyzes Margaret Mead’s study of gender in three societies in New Guinea. There are differing opinions among societies and cultures around what constitutes male and female traits. In the first society (the Arapesh), Mead found stereotypical female behaviours in both males and females. In the second society (the Mundugumor), stereotypical male behaviours were prominent in both male and female interactions. In the last society (the Tchambuli), Mead found gender roles that are considered to be a reversal of ours in the Western society. Mead’s comparison to Western society made me think about our gender stereotypes and how culture impacts views on sex and gender.
In today’s society, sex and gender interchangeably used, however their meanings are very different. The textbook defines sex as, “whether you were born with distinct male or female genitals and a genetic program that released either male or female hormones to stimulate the development of your reproductive system” (Brym, 2013). Essentially, sex refers to the biological and physiological characteristics, while gender refers to behaviors, roles, expectations, and activities in cultural society. The textbook defines gender as, “the feelings, attitudes, desires, and behaviours that are associated with a particular sexual category” (Brym, 2013). Sex refers to male or female as one is assigned…

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