Diversity In Arthropod Communities

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Introduction
The diversity of arthropods extends beyond the location factor alone as multiple influences such as humidity levels, atmospheric content and other environmental conditions contribute to their widespread assortment. Gaps in diversity indices do not only occur amongst insect populations residing at regionally distinct locations as these influences are also reflected in arthropod communities over small distances. Climatic conditions often lead to insect migrations and extinctions which allows the level of diversity of insects in communities to reflect variations in climatic conditions in different regions (Reich et al. 2014). As results for several studies indicate, the diversity rates of arthropods face variations based on ecological
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2005). These two factors are mostly indirectly proportional as insect predators aim at removing as many insects as possible from the area they reside in unless there are mutualistic or obligate relationships present between organisms. The presence or absence of a body of water in an insect habitat has a significance in the determination of plant species in an area, which in turn determines which arthropod communities reside in it. Higher water content is a favorable condition for the majority of plants species that exist. Therefore, greater plant diversity is present in habitats surrounded by partially submerged in water. The results of an experiment conducted by Dinnage (2012) show that flourishing plant productivity provides a larger resource base for insects and may lead to a rise in insect diversity. The dependency of some insect families on plants may be held accountable for this phenomenon as different organisms in a community live together and function …show more content…
Twenty-five samples of insect communities from each area were collected and comparisons were made amongst the diversity levels of the differing populations. Although, the species and subspecies of the arthropods found in both environments were quite similar, some insects were present in greater quantities in one environment as a result of the varying factors favoring the survival of the insect populations. The arthropods were divided into the following ten morphospecies; Spiders, Coleoptera, Hymenoptera, Leipidoptera, Orthoptera, Hemiptera, Homoptera, Diptera, Phasmia, and Mantodea. Unidentifiable arthropods were classified into a separate category consisting of all unknown arthropod

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