Arthritis Essay

965 Words Apr 20th, 2013 4 Pages
Arthritis

Most of us know someone who has arthritis. Over 40 million Americans experience some type of arthritis during some point in their lives. Arthritis is a painful disease that breaks down the cartilage in the joints. When the cartilage in a joint is broken down and degenerates there is no cushion for the bones and they begin to rub and grind on each other causing pain. There are over 100 different types of arthritis, Osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis being the most common. In osteoarthritis, the cartilage begins to degenerate in various joints. It is found typically in the hands, spine, hips, and knees. Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic, systemic inflammatory disease in which the immune system attacks the
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Aerobic exercise sessions to start should be relatively short, for instance 5-10 minutes. Eventually duration should progress to 20-30 minutes a session as tolerated. 150 minutes of moderate intensity per week should be a goal. Resistance training or weight training should be performed 2-3 days a week and flexibility/ ROM exercises should be emphasized and performed at least daily. When the individual is taking part in a weight training session, they should begin with low weight, about 10% of their maximum and they should gradually progress at a rate of 10% per week eventually to 40-60% of their 1-RM. They should perform at least one set with 10-15 repetitions if the pain can be tolerated. They should have a total body workout program with at least one exercise for each major muscle group. If a certain individual has significant joint pain or muscle weakness, the program may include maximum volume isometric contractions around the joint, and gradually progress to the more dynamic training. The flexibility program should also be a total body program that stretches all major muscle groups. Four sets of each major muscle group should be performed. There are a few other special considerations that one should follow when prescribing exercise for people with arthritis. The

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