Art History Essay

1077 Words Feb 9th, 2016 5 Pages
Written Assignment Unit 4
University of the People

Introduction
Beginning of 15th century to the end of 18th century major improvement had been observed in world art history. This period is categorized in major 3 categories: renaissance period (1400 to 1600 AD), the baroque (1600 to 1700 AD), rococo (starting from 18th century to the end of 18th century). Advancement in science and technology was a great achievement during this period. This also influenced arts and architecture. New innovation changed art styles including art materials, form, shape and composition. This allowed eliminating of conventional method and context. At the same time new area and objects were discovered and incorporated.
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Invention of new materials gave them opportunity to use those materials in their artworks. Besides, new form, shapes and styles were developed. For example, Leonardo’s sketch on double sided sheet was fascinating and new invention. Scientific knowledge turned artists towards realism instead of old pagan view. Humanism became the key element. Artists started thinking and idealizing from free, open broader aspect. So many creative artists contributed during that period. Some of them are: Leonardo Da Vinci, Michelangelo, Raphael, Titan, Filippo Lippi, Donatello etc.
An Artwork of Renaissance Period.
Among many famous artworks one magnificent artwork is Michelangelo’s “Dying Slave”.

Fig: The Dying Slave:
The artwork object is a plaster cast and sculpted in 1513 AD. This is one of six "slaves" executed by Michelangelo for the tomb of Pope Julius II. At present the sculpture is stored at Louvre museum, Paris. Scientific Knowledge and Baroque Period
The Baroque period lasted a century which was between 17th and 18th centuries. During that time scientific innovation influenced all areas of arts. The period shifted and advanced towards natural and developing world. Remarkable invention of many scientists had been observed. Newton, Galileo, Leuwenhoek, Kepler and many other notable scientists contributed during this time. Their invention changed people’s view from traditional world to the new world. Traditional views of Christian Catholic Church had been

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