Art History Paper
MENIL COLLECTION & MFA-H
This paper compares and contrast Virgin and Child. Northern France, 2nd quarter of the 14th century A.D., wood, (1) and Ennatum, Prince of Lagash, 2450 B.C., Sumeria (Sourthern Iraq) , composite materials (alabaster, lapis lazuli, mother of pearl). (2) Both works are from the Menil Collection in Houston. The second set of works this paper compares and contrasts is the Head of Poseidon, 227 - 221 B.C., bronze,(3) and The Pharaoh Ramesses II., 1279 -1212 B.C., granodiorite (4) at the Museum of Fine Art - Houston.
The Virgin and Child is around 3 feet tall; she is wearing a gown that drapes around her and covers her head like a veil. The gown has the look of gathering and draping over her
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His full lips are surrounded by a full mustache and beard that has curls and waves . His hair is of mid length and, like his beard , has curls and waves that frame his face and is full in the back of his head. He wears a ring over his head. The Egyptian monumental Statue of Pharaoh Ramesses II is to human scale and dark in color. It is a man sitting on a throne with both arms coming down either side of his body with the forearms resting over his thighs. There has been a lot of stone lost around the area where hands would be , but hands are only slightly visible here with palms down. He wears a skirt that comes just above the knees with straight lines coming down the skirt on either side from top to bottom and across from left to right in between the knees.There are no feet; the sculpture ends at the ankle. He does not have a shirt so the viewer is able to see the detail in his pectorals and his belly button. The sculpture has no head but the tail ends of a headdress still rest over both shoulders. The stone appears as if it has pours. There are markings in sunken relief that cover the throne; Images of birds, circles, hooks, and figures that look like a little man.
The first two items are alike in the following ways : First by directional force, a principle of design; paths for the eyes to follow. Both works bring the viewers attention to the face of the sculptures. The Vigin's smile upon her face and the wide blue eyes with a subtle smile on the Prince of Lagash