Aristotle's Theory Of Phronesis, And The Characteristics Of Aristotle

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Prompt 1: On one hand, Aristotle considers phronēsis (practical wisdom or prudence) a rare virtue specific to the ruling class within his ideal polis. On the other hand, he recognizes that average people can also contribute wise judgment, a point that Jeremy Waldron emphasizes in his essay on the purported “wisdom of the multitude.” First, explain the characteristics of Aristotle theory of phronēsis as outlined in Book 6 of the Nicomachean Ethics. Next, explain how the multitude contributes to wise judgment according to Waldron’s commentary on Aristotle’s Politics.
Aristotle 's theory of phronesis is based on acting on good intention. It is good intention plus, intelligent and good character. He states that practical wisdom is acting reasonably,
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Linda Zerilli explains that “Arendt saw Kant theory as a procedure for ascertaining intersubjective agreement in the public realm”. Zerilli states that both aesthetic and political judgment is debatable. Kant’s steps on asserting that something is beautiful is by explaining, giving details as to why it is beautiful. He agrees that beauty is defined differently among people but, there is also a common meaning for us all, translated as common sense. In order to determine something is beautiful it is best to take the objective in independently without any other interests in it and giving details for it. For example, finding Mona Lisa beautiful because of colors. Arendt uses this critique of beauty as a framework for making decision. We can see for example politician speech as a form of art. To judge the speaker we can apply Kant 's aesthetic theory. She goes deeper by giving the example of the rose. We come to the conclusion that a particular rose is beautiful because of reflective judgment. Beauty is not a trait of the rose. Zerilli states that Kant explains the statement is “only an expression of the pleasure felt by the judging in the reflective mode of apprehending it”. Arendt does not focus on categorical imperative as way of making decisions. Categorical imperatives in simply the ethical ruling “do unto others have un do you”. Mean that it is best to think of your actions in the …show more content…
The first reason is Machiavelli in his work clearly express that intelligence, wisdom is a key to holding power and being a good leader. He explains that it is best for a ruler to be surrounded by intelligent, smart advisors. They should be able to speak freely to the leader. Second reason is the idea that fortuna out ways other characteristics. Luck is referred to as fortuna; Machiavelli express it as a womanly. He agrees that there are events that men cannot control and are unpredictable. On the other hand of fortuna, woman, is virtú the man. Virtú is courage, cunning, strength, intelligent and so on. Machiavelli believes that you need both. He stated “I think it may be true that fortune determines half of our actions, but that, even so, she leaves us to control the other half or thereabouts”. They are both necessary for success. However, he states that virtú is better. Being clever, virtú character, when a situation change is best. He later explains that it is possible to force fortuna compare it to beating a woman into your will. Machiavelli explains that a ruler who depends on fortuna will be destroyed once their luck changes. Meaning later on Napoleon luck will run out and he will fall, which he

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