Aristotle 's View Of Courage Essay

1063 Words Oct 31st, 2016 5 Pages
Aristotle and Homer wrote some of the world 's most influential and famous pieces of literature, and both have had their works translated into many languages. Together, they created important parts of Greek history that are still used centuries later to teach the basis of humanity to people who choose to pick them up. Nicomachean Ethics and The Iliad, written by Aristotle and Homer respectively, both describe understandings of human courage. This paper argues that Homer and Aristotle had quite different views of courage, as Homer 's definition focused more on hyper-masculinity instead of virtue and nobility. Aristotle viewed courage as less of a heroic act and more of a trait of human nature. Homer 's character Patroclus in The Iliad showed both forms of courage in his final battle, but he shows more of Aristotle 's view than Homer 's. Aristotle 's view of courage has similarities to Homer 's view, as they both have the same roots. Courage is rooted in bravery, and the common-sense view of courage means to stand up to danger and face your fears. Aristotle argues that there is a form of courage in every person, whether it is a mean or on one of two opposite ends of the spectrum. In Book 3 of Nicomachean Ethics, he writes "what is frightening is not the same for all, and we say that there is a certain frightening thing that is too much for a human being to bear," (Aristotle 2012, 1115b 10). In saying this, he is concluding that there are certain things that every person…

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