Aristotle 's Theory Of Moral Excellence And Finding Virtue Essay

1867 Words Dec 15th, 2014 null Page
In today’s society less and less people think about morality when making their decisions. This is partly due to the fact that most people don’t think about what is going to bring them absolute happiness. They believe that doing what gives them pleasure at the moment is what will make them happy. In Aristotle’s Ethics he explains a much different point of view. He believes that moral excellence and finding virtue is what will bring humans true happiness. In Book I of Aristotle’s Ethics he discusses the four causes. Cause number one is the material cause, which is what the object is made out of. Cause number two is the formal cause, which determines the structure of the object. Cause number three is the efficient cause, which is what brought the object into existence. Finally, cause number four is the function or the purpose of the object. Aristotle emphasizes the fourth cause as the most important because it determines the other three causes and it allows it to be understood. Aristotle tells the reader that everything has a final cause or function and that the way the function is preformed determines whether or not the object is good. For example a flute player’s function is to play the flute and if they play the flute well then they are a good flute player (Aristotle, Ethics, p. 356). So if everything has a function, then humans must also have some sort of purpose, but what is a human’s function? We can’t say that a human’s function is to survive or to observe because…

Related Documents