Aristotle 's Theory Of Happiness Essay

2244 Words May 5th, 2016 null Page
In Aristotle 's ethics, Book 1: the theory of happiness, Aristotle claims that there are some aims in the nature of man that influences every movement of the mind and every activity of the body, consciously or unconsciously. A man is incessantly striving to attain a ‘good’ or purpose of existence. According to Aristotle, there is a point in the purposes of man where the gradation of good (lower goods becoming subordinate to higher ones) ceases. It is this very point in man’s life where the mind attains absolute and complete satisfaction. It is this point where human conception cannot go any higher either. Aristotle calls this a ‘final good’, a supreme purpose that comprehends all lower forms of good and all aspirations. It is not an infinite, vague, or unattainable good that our nature strives for but it is a human good – a good that man can attain in his own life, and with his own efforts. 2.
Aristotle comes to a universal agreement that ‘all man identify perfection with happiness, and understand by happiness a good life and a prosperous career.’ The full definition of happiness, according to Aristotle, is ‘a conscious play of the rational powers after the standard of the highest excellence manifested in an unbroken harmony of external circumstances.’ Since it is the highest good, the definition of happiness is wide and general in scope. The definition of happiness, as such, comprehends the five principle ideas which men associate with happiness: pleasure, prosperity,…

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