Aristotle 's Philosophy On Modern Philosophy Essay

1542 Words Nov 21st, 2016 7 Pages
Aristotle’s work, Nicomachean Ethics, has influenced modern philosophy as it is considered by many philosophers to be the quintessential collection of ethical theories. Within this work, Aristotle discusses ethical questions pertaining to happiness, the Greek term known as Eudaimonia. Throughout Nicomachean Ethics, Aristotle presents his argument on conceptions and conceptual restrictions of happiness. The main three conceptions, life of gratification, a political life, and life of contemplation, are all outlined by Aristotle; ultimately, he restricts his notion by stating that happiness resides only in life of contemplation. Coupled with his restrictions of happiness, Aristotle defines his notion as a human activity of the soul in accordance to virtue, which utilizes external goods to be a self-sufficient, chief good. While Aristotle assesses the universal human characteristic activity he rejects the notion of hedonism or pleasure as the root of happiness. This alternative notion of happiness clearly conflicts with Aristotle’s notion though his theory proves to be more logical by his justification of explicit restrictions on happiness to produce the superior theory.

It is noteworthy that Aristotle acknowledges how every action, every rational choice aims to realize an end, which is the good. Of course, there are different actions that produce different end goods as “many actions, skills, and sciences” can result in “many ends as well.” So while not all ends are complete…

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