Aristotle 's Philosophy And Philosophy Essay

820 Words Feb 23rd, 2016 4 Pages
To a certain extent, Aristotle is similar in his philosophy to Mill, Aquinas, and Kant, but now completely. He also believes in a universal good in order to achieve happiness in life. According to Aristotle, mortality and good is understood in terms of a whole life. Contrary to Mill, Aquinas, and Kant, that understand moral obligation in terms of human individual actions, instead of examining a whole lifetime. According to Aristotle “good” can be found in many forms. He states, “Further, good is spoken of in as many ways as being (is spoken of): In what-it-is, as god and mind; in quality, as the virtues; in quantity, as the measured amount; in relative, as the useful; in time, as the opportune moment; in place, as the right situation; and so on.” (Aristotle, pg. 5) So, because of this, “good” can be found in more than one place. “Good” should be thought of at a universal level. “Hence it is clear that good cannot be some common and single universal level.” (Aristotle, pg. 5).
From what I can tell, Aristotle seems to be having a more subjective definition of good. Compared to Mill, Aquinas, and Kant, you could say it is subjective due to the fact that Aquinas gives no single answer to what is moral or what is good. Mill, for example teaches us that good can be achieved through the greatest happiness for the greatest number of people. It is the greatest good for the greatest number that created the best and most functioning society. But one can argue that such philosophy can…

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