Essay on Aristotle, Immanuel Kant And Marc D. Hauser

2282 Words Jun 29th, 2015 10 Pages
Most moral guidance takes place through the society individuals envelop themselves in, differing in all locations of the world. By contrast, numerous philosophers such as Aristotle, Immanuel Kant, and Marc D. Hauser argue that a universal ethic exists. Though each thinker believes all individuals from all different societies share common moral views, each of their opinions are derived from a differing logic. For example, while Aristotle believes man must discover the nature of virtue for himself, Kant developed a formula allowing individuals to discover the universal nature of virtue each time they are faced with making a decision. On the other hand, Hauser believes all people possess “a biological code for living a moral life”. While Murdoch believes the nature of virtue to not be a universally accepted and fixed concept by all societies, Aristotle, Immanuel Kant, and Marc D. Hauser prove that the building of character develops individuals’ virtuous and moral behavior, expressing universal moral good. All individuals hold the potential to assume responsibility for their own development of character.
Murdoch’s “Morality and Religion” reveals a world of contradiction. Though her main piece focuses on moralities relationship with religion, Murdoch addresses a highly controversial point. She claims that “The most evident bridge between morality and religion is the idea of virtue” (363). Prior to examining the topic of morality and religion, however, she highlights essential…

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