Aristotle And Aristotle: The Moralization Of The State

2140 Words 9 Pages
In book 1 of the Politics, Aristotle states that he beginning at the 'beginning ' (1252a24) by exploring the various theories on the construction of the ideal polis, or state. He proceeds to claim that the state is natural, in that it represents the completion of its constituent associations ' journey towards their ends, or telei. He also claims that 'man is by nature a political animal ' (1253a1), and that the koinonia, or political arena, of the state is necessary for man to realise their fullest potential. For Aristotle, 'nature ' is the internal movement of a thing towards a telos; this is in contrast to 'convention ', which is the external imposition of an end upon something. A telos is a primordial purpose or end that makes a thing whole and complete; it is therefore …show more content…
In declaring that the state is a product of nature, Aristotle provides its foundation and legitimacy; he renders the placement of all its parts – the people and the various roles they fill – comprehensible and rational, while ensuring that these parts have not been made to come together by some outside force. However, this essay will argue that Aristotle 's theory of political naturalism offers a valuable critique of other theories, especially Plato 's theory of …show more content…
This notion underpins - and here, arguably, hamstrings - Aristotle in his thinking about the state. The state itself is obviously good; it was made by man, but by man according to his nature. But his position on the function and role of non-citizens, especially slaves, within the state was not as straightforward to comprehensibly

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