Argumentative Essays

688 Words Aug 10th, 2013 3 Pages
Argu1nentative Essays

Mani stones, Nepal

An argumentative essay is an essay in which you agree or disagree with an issue, using reasons to support your opinion. Your goal is to convince your reader that your opinion is right. Argumentation is a popular kind of essay question because it forces students to think on their own: They have to take a stand on an issue, support their stand with solid reasons, and support their reasons with solid evidence. In a general writing test such as the TOEFL exam, you might encounter questions such as these:
The U.S. Declaration of Independence states that "all men are created equal." Agree or disagree with this statement. Support your opinion with reasons and examples. The most important element in
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When we show that we are reasonable and open-minded, readers are more likely to listen to our point of view.

Organization of Argumentative Essa11s
There are several ways to organize an argumentative essay. You can use a block pattern or a point-by-point pattern. The outlines in the following chart show these two possible patterns.
Block Pattern
I. Introduction Explanation of the issue Thesis statement

Point..:by-P.oint Pattern
I. Introduction Explanation of the issue, including a summary of the other side's arguments Thesis statement II. Body A. Statement of the other side's first argument and rebuttal with your own counterargument B. Statement of the other side's second argument and rebuttal with your own counterargument C. Statement of the other side's third argument and rebuttal with your own counterargument Ill. Conclusion-may include a summary of your point of view

II. Body A. B. C. D.

Block 1 Summary of other side's arguments Rebuttal to the first argument Rebuttal to the second argument Rebuttal to the third argument

Block 2 E. Your first argument F. Your second argument G. Your third argument
Ill. Conclusion-may include a summary of your point of view

144 Part n I Writing an Essa11

There are many variations on these two patterns. Which pattern you use will depend on your topic. With some

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