Argumentative Essay On The Great Civil War
Central High School
November 9, 2015
5th Period Abstract Today I will be talking about The Civil War. The Civil War was during 1861 thru 1865. It was the central event in America’s historical consciousness. This war would determine what type of nation it would be.
The Great Civil War The civil war began in 1861 and ended in 1865. It all first started with the bombardment of fort Sumter on April 12th, 1861. It ended on April of 1685 with the surrender of the confederates, it was one of the greatest struggles known to history. Vast numbers of men were employed in the war. On April 15, 1861 President Lincoln issues a proclamation calling for 75,000 men to put down the southern rebellion. This made Virginia, …show more content…
Neither side expected that long of a war so asked the volunteers to serve for 90 days then they would be done. To win the war Lincoln’s armies and navy would have to subdue an area from the east coast to the Rio Grande and from the Mason Dixon-line to Gulf of Mexico. To prevent the north from winning the south would have to defend the same large area but with a smaller population When 1862 hit it showed how terrible its cost with human life would be. Beginning with the two bloody days of the battle of Shiloh and continuing a series of battles in Virginia, and the battle of Antietam in Maryland. When 1862 ended another bloodbath happened on the banks of Stones River in Tennessee. The scale was still balanced between the two sides in the struggle to restore the union or to make a southern confederacy. On April 17th the army of the Potomac, another commander Major General Joseph Hooker, attempted to outflank Lee at Fredericksburg by crossing the Rappahannock and the Rapidan Rivers above the town. In response, Lee divided his force. On April 30th Hooker and Lee met at Chancellorsville in an area of …show more content…
In June, Lee led his Army of Northern Virginia into Maryland and Pennsylvania in his second invasion of the North. His men encountered the Army of the Potomac, under George Gordon Meade at a town in southeastern Pennsylvania. Capturing the town but failing to take the high ground around it, Lee assailed the Union flanks the next day. The fighting on the Union was costly to both sides. On July 3, Lee made his greatest mistake of the war, ordering a frontal attack across open ground against the Union center on Cemetery Ridge. The attack failed leaving thousands of Southern soldiers dead and wounded. On Independence Day, a wagon train of wounded soldiers began Lee’s retreat. With the Confederate’s loss of Vicksburg, Mississippi that same day, July 4, 1863, is often described as the turning point of the Civil War. At the end of 1863 both sides still had significant forces and the Confederates enjoyed good defensive terrain in Virginia and North