Human cloning is the process of creating a genetically identical individual, based on a model. Cloning can occur naturally or as an artificial process. The human created, do not emerge from sexual reproduction.
First of all one needs to get to know what forms of cloning exist, in order to discuss the question if cloning humans in our real world society is rather something to be in favour of, or to refuse.
Cloning can be differentiated in reproductive cloning, which aim it is to create a new individual, and in therapeutic cloning, which is used in order to gain embryonic stem cells to treat a disease from which a patient suffers.
In this discussing the focus is drawn only on artificial human cloning, whereas both methods, mentioned …show more content…
According to scientist Colin Blakemore, society will accept artificially created clones, just like they accept natural clones, for instance identical twins. Clones, created with help of reproductive cloning, barely differ from those, created by nature.
On the contrary, the process pf cloning also has it’s negative sides, which must be taken into consideration in order to answer the aforementioned question.
With regard to therapeutic cloning, on the scientific level, one can argue that this immense scientific research requires a huge amount of money, which can be rather invested in the research on therapies for patients in another, for efficient ways.
In addition to that, therapeutic cloning is considered as difficult, inefficient and unsuccessful as reproductive cloning, because of the complexity of the human body. Some cells can even mutate and cause tumours in patient.
Besides that, in order to gain stem cells, from which only a small amount is usable, millions of eggs are needed. This high supply of eggs is currently not available. Moreover, is the extraction of eggs costly and painful for the women.
However, most contra arguments on therapeutic cloning refer to the moral level of argumentation.
Embryos are considers humans as …show more content…
While many of these views are religious in origin, many argue on the basis of different value systems.
One can say, that cloning would be a “parody of God”. Humans do not have the right to create clones, because it is God’s task to do so. Likewise, it is not their job to create, safe or end lives. Cloning is simply against God’s will.
Artificial Clones are therefore seen as individuals without a soul, which are, to a certain extended, “designed” for instance, for certain traits, with help of genetic engineering. Only genomes, which are tested, are used to create a human, to avoid genetic abnormality caused by the natural process of recombination. In this way only “perfect” humans with fewer abnormalities as possible are created, which make some people fear the creation of “super humans” which will be the leading species on day.
On the other hand some people argue from the clones’ perspective.
Clones would be not accepted and therefore excluded from society. Otherwise they would start question their lives or start a rebellion. They might have the wish to be individual as well or suffer from being raised in the shadow of their model, in a way that would strongly tend to destroy their individual psychological development. The fact that clones are not able to have children, again, restricts their own range of for terminal