Childhood Obesity: The Epidemic Of Obese Children

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As a child we were always told to eat plenty of fruits and vegetables. Instead we wanted to eat burgers, cookies, candy, and sodas. We were not concerned about how this would affect our overall health in the future. Today childhood obesity has increased three times over the past thirty years. (Jackson). This is not just a nationwide issue but it has become a issue all around the world. According to the Body Mass Index (BMI) at least seventeen percent of children today are obese (Jackson). What a lot of people do not know is that being over weight as a child can cause several health issues in the future such as high blood pressure, heart problems, and diabetes. There is a five to one ratio of obese children that have diabetes alone (Young). …show more content…
Being obese is just being simply overweight according to the Body Mass Index. This is a formula created by Adolphe Quetlet that measures a persons weight-to-height ratio, calculated by dividing one's weight in kilograms by the square of one's height in meters (). Many things can contribute to a child being considered obese or overweight such as genetics, inactivity, diet, and lifestyle. Many cultures also contribute to how a child can become overweight. In todays society the economy does not help make things any better by making portion sizes bigger and making food places more convenient such as drive-thru windows or home deliveries. Childhood obesity is a strong risk factor when is comes to diabetes mellitus. According to L.J.Lloyd, he found that there was a positive relationship between childhood BMI and diabetes mellitus .He reported that for every one unit increase in childhood BMI percentile, the odds ratio for developing diabetes in adulthood was 1.025 (Lloyd). Also obese children have approximately forty percent lower insulin-stimulated glucose metabolism compared with non-obese children …show more content…
This type is normally seen later on in adulthood but because there is a epidemic of obese or overweight children today, this type is showing up in more teenagers(Zabeen). This type is non-insulin based. About ninety to ninety- five percent of diabetics are Type 2 (Stein). Most people who develop this type of diabetes are of ethnic descendant (Spanakis). In obese people, fasting and post prandial plasma glucose concentration are the best predictors for Type 2 (Jackson). Early detection and intervention against obesity can actually help prevent Type 2 diabetes. Other key factors that can prevent or help control Type 2 are oral agents, diet changes, and even exercise. If not detected early enough Type 2 diabetes can eventually lead to the development of cardiovascular diseases, end-stage renal disease, loss of visual acuity, and limb amputations

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