CU: I just don’t get it! It makes no sense to me that climate change is real and I’m very skeptical of all this climate change nonsense. I mean if you think about it, there’s no way we can be sure climate change is real, and it’s probably all made up by Obama to get more of my tax dollars! Humans also had no part in it no matter what the scientists on MSNBC say!
JH: Woah crusty uncle calm down, climate change isn’t something that is just made up out of thin air, it’s based in scientific evidence recorded by many scientists across the globe.
CU: But isn’t there some controversy surrounding climate change? There are plenty of scientists that say …show more content…
This spike starts at around a little after the industrial revolution, when carbon dioxide output skyrocketed.
CU: And what does carbon dioxide have to do with global warming?
JH: Well, carbon dioxide is a greenhouse gas, meaning that when the sun shines light, or heat, on the planet, some of it absorbed by Earth and some of it is bounced back. As the energy, which is in the form of heat, also known as infrared radiation, bounces off Earth, some of it hits the carbon dioxide molecules floating in the air. At specific wavelengths of this infrared radiation, the carbon dioxide molecules absorb the energy instead of allowing it to be released back into space. This means that heat that should have left our planet ends up staying. This result in what we now know as climate change.
CU: Okay so? The Earth gets a little warmer?
JH: The Earth is in a balanced system, with energy coming in from the sun and energy being emitted by the Earth back out into space. How much energy stays in the planet is determined through two main factors. Albedo and emissivity. Albedo is how reflective something is, with a higher albedo indicating a more reflective surface. Emissivity is a value that is used to quantify emitting infrared radiation, or how much heat escapes the planet. As little as a 0.01 decrease in albedo or emissivity, both values that max out at one, there would be a one degree Celsius increase …show more content…
It’s a scenario where as the process is carried out, the thing needed to carry it out is depleted and the process can no longer happen. An example in the realm of climate would be clouds. As the planet warms, more water vapor is introduced into the atmosphere, like how a hot shower fogs the mirror but a cold one doesn’t. Clouds are made of water vapor so with more water vapor more clouds are formed. This increase in cloud cover causes a higher reflection of energy from the sun, because clouds are white, meaning that they reflect most of the light, or energy, that they are introduced