Symbolism In Lord Of The Flies, By William Golding

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Daniel Defoe came up with one of the most original and outstanding ideas for a story and decided to write it down. Little did he know that Robinson Crusoe was going to be an inspiration for other writers centuries after his death and even the precursor of a whole new genre – the robinsonade. William Golding created a great novel, full of symbolism and the truth about human nature following the archetype of robinsonade, which shares some similarities to Defoe’s story. A typical robinsonade tells the story of isolation and Lord of The Flies is no different in it. Just like the young Englishman ended up all alone on a desert island, the group of young schoolboys and children meet the same circumstances. Crusoe’s ship is shipwrecked, destroyed …show more content…
Away from civilisation and society, which imposes certain behaviour on people heroes of a story are truly themselves. William Golding had a particularly ominous point of view in that matter. In his novel young boys become nothing more than savage animals. The author inclines that a man striped of social conventions is as primitive as his predecessors thousands of years ago. Freudians paraphrase the main idea of the story in the following words: ‘’Denied the sustaining and repressing authority of parents, church and state, the children form a new culture of development of which reflects that of genuine primitive society, evolving its gods and demons, its rituals and taboos’’. That is exactly what the group of young Englishmen had become after spending months on the island. Two of the characters depicted in the Lord of The Flies are especially cruel and stand out from the group. Jack, who is the main antagonist and leader of the hunters, rebels against Ralph’s rational leadership and forms his own primitive tribe. He becomes more savage than any other boy. Not only does he believe in the beast, but also offers it sacrifice in a form of pig’s head. He paints his face(symbolic dehumanisation) and doesn’t want to be rescued anymore. His right hand, Roger, is a personification of violence, cruelty and desire to destroy human life. He lets his primal predator instincts take …show more content…
It hides secrets and threats which ignite fear in its inhabitants’ hearts. Children are usually more prone to believe in ghosts and monsters than adults so in Lord of The Flies young boys easily start believing in the beast living on an island, hunting for them. On their second assembly they discuss the possibility of a mysterious creature living in the depths of the island, one of the littluns suggests that the beast comes out of water. The evil they are so afraid of is visualised first as the body of a parachutist stuck in the woods and the pig’s head, the sacrifice Jack has offered to the beast. Only Simon, the quiet outsider seems to realise that “maybe there is no beast” and all the evil the boys fear comes from within them and is irrational. Robinson’s island was a source of angst and anxiety as well. At first he is afraid there might be wild animals, he doesn’t even know if it’s really deserted. It is a fear of everything he doesn’t know about the island yet and a dreadful thought of not being capable of surviving on his own. After he finally overcomes his fear there comes horror he has not imagined before. A trace of a human foot and residues of a cannibalistic feast paralyze him with terror. Anxiety induced by the arrival of other men accompanied him for many days until he finally decided to get a closer look on what has been really going on. He tries to overcome his fear, fight it with

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