Archaeological Studies Of Spanish Colonization Essay

1576 Words 7 Pages
Historical archaeology in California covers the time span after Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo reached San Diego in 1542; however, it tends to be considered the beginning with the period of Spanish colonization starting in 1769 with the arrival of Gaspar de Portola 's expedition in San Diego and goes all the way into the 20th century. Archaeological studies of what is called the Exploration Period from 1542-1769, the Spanish Colonial Period from 1769-1821, the Mexican Republic Period from 1821-1846, and the American Period from 1846-present, have taken place at least since the 1940s. For the most part, theoretical and methodological approaches in California reflect American historical archaeology but vary by region, time period, and specific problems. The processes and consequences of colonization, for example, have been key theoretical issues and the measurement of acculturation, the process of adopting the cultural traits of another group, is a key methodological issue in Spanish Colonial archaeology. California was transformed into what historians call the “modern world,” and the explanations for how and why this may have occurred is probably California 's most important contribution in historical archaeology. There is an explanation that circles around the idea of world systems. The idea of world-systems emerged after World War II that serves to explain the economic"underdevelopment" by shifting focus from population pressure and class conflict to economic and political…

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