The Ancient Greek Period

1490 Words 6 Pages
In the Ancient Greek period, political philosophy already emerged in the minds of different philosophers. It is the study of topics such as politics, justice, property, state, rights and legal code authority. That could possibly be the reason why this issue continued to emerge until the 20th century. In the Ancient Greek period, Plato argued that political philosophy has a deep connection with moral philosophy. According to him, different classes of the state are most likely to be different parts of an individual’s soul. If all the parts of the soul perform their functions well, then there is a great chance that it would result into that thing called “good moral”. Likewise, if all the parts of the state perform their functions well, then there …show more content…
His thought about it sometimes reflects some method in geometry. For Hobbes, people appear in what he calls the state of nature which talks about the condition of the people before state or any civil society existed. He explained it in a manner that all people are equal with each other, because of that equality, people has the right to have anything necessary for their survival. Equality for him is like hurting a neighbor for one’s good sake. Hobbes analyzes human motivation by saying that the driving force in a person is the will to survive and that survival will therefore impel to seek peace. In conclusion, Hobbes said that people must be willing to give up our hostile rights toward other people if they are willing to give up their hostile rights with one …show more content…
For him, the person’s spiritual reality is also found in the state when he said that “spiritual reality consists in this, that his own essence (which is reason) is the objectively present to him, that is has objective immediate existence for him”. The ideal state for him must have the embodiment of a rational freedom and must consider the State as the Divine Idea as it exists in this world. He also believes that the State must protect the liberty of the people living in a civil society. For him, the State must not have an authority to destroy a civil society or any of the families living in that place. We must be thinking about his thoughts about laws. Laws for Hegel are universal rules which consists an application regarding individual cases including individual people. The function of law according to Hegel is to bring rationality into attitude. But what is rationality according to him? Rationality for Hegel, is achieved when a person reached a person’s private and public good. To sum up Hegel’s philosophy about the State, he believes that one must always have the capacity to think in a rational way and must always remember that welfare is the highest law governing the relation of one state to another. Political philosophy continued its journey until the 20th century (Contemporary period). Marleau-Ponty believes that things are

Related Documents