Apush Chapter 29 Study Guide Essay

1201 Words Feb 27th, 2013 5 Pages
1. Supreme Court’s Rule of Reason- The United States Supreme Court created the Rule of Reason as the basic principle in regards to anti-trust cases. It was created as a result of the Standard Oil Company of New Jersey v the United States. The government tried Standard Oil due to violation of the Sherman Anti-Trust Act. They claimed it had used its powers to prevent other oil companies from being created. After this, it became a principle of the time period, on a case by case basis to determine if a company was being just. 2. Educational and political career of Woodrow Wilson (chronology) and origins- Once his father became a minister of the First Presbyterian Church, the family moved to Augusta, Georgia. In 1870, his family moved to …show more content…
As a result, Woodrow Wilson easily won. However, surprisingly the Democrats did not receive the majority of the popular votes. It has been stated that if TR did not participate in the election, the Republicans would have won. Between TR and Taft their popular totals exceeded that of Wilsons. The election also offered the voters a decision not merely of policies but of political and economic philosophies. 6. Election of 1912 candidates and their political parties- Woodrow Wilson was nominated by the Democrats. While Theodore Roosevelt got the Progressive nomination. Taft was another, less popular candidate of the election, however he received the Republican nomination. 7. Philosophies that dominated that election of 1912-Roosevelt, in addition to campaigning for his “New Nationalism” program also campaigned for women’s suffrage and a broad program of social welfare, including minimum-wage laws and social insurance. While Wilson, also in addition to his program, shunned social welfare proposals and pinned their economic faith on competition. 8. Underwood Tariff Bill (how was it presented to congress)-In order to tackle the tariff, Wilson decided to create the Underwood Tariff of 1913. It reduced import fees (40%-25%) and enacted a graduated income tax. On October 3, 1913 it was ratified, and was sponsored by Alabama Representative Oscar Underwood. 9. Federal Reserve Act (1913) why was it necessary- The Federal Reserve

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