Chapter 4 Growth and Crisis in Colonial Society 1720-1765 Freehold Society in New England Puritans created a yeomen society of independent farm families who owned their land as freeholders- without feudal dues or leases by 1750, rapidly increasing population outstripped the supply of easily farmed land, challenging the freehold ideal.
A. Farm Families: Women's Place Men were head of the household no time for anything. They did many labors by 1750, family sizes decreased due to shrink in farm sizes had some more time but still under cultural and law restrictions under men
B. Farm Property: Inheritance male colonists escaped Europe and got land parents with small farms had to put children up as
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Quaker Pennsylvania relative economic equality in Penn and New Jersey because the original Quaker migrants came with equal amount of resources. First settlers lived simple only wealthy settlers could afford ceramic plates imported from England/Holland increase in wheat trade and influx of poor settlers caused social division. By 1760s, some farmers in eastern Penn grown wealthy by buying slaves and hiring propertyless laborers to raise wheat others divided their lands and leased them out. New class of wealthy agricultural capitalist- large scale farmers, rural landlords, speculators, storekeepers, and gristmill operators. Simple living stuff turned more elegant. Many Scots-Irish inmates who had no taxable property merchants and artisans developed outwork system- bought wool/ flax from farmers and paid propertyless workers to weave it.
B. Cultural Diversity middle colonies consisted of ethnically and religiously diverse communities usually married within own ethnic groups exception were Huguenots (exiled French Protestant Calvinists) who lost French identity by intermarrying other Protestants Quakers became dominant social group in Penn because of their numbers