Appearance Vs. Reality In Iago In Shakespeare's Othello

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The theme is an important part of every story, whether it be a book, or a play. Theme is often what ties a work of literature to real life. Characters often help develop these themes, to help make these stories even more relatable. An example of a character that does this is Iago in Othello by William Shakespeare. Iago is an example of a character who gets envious of others very easily. After learning that Othello passed Iago over for a promotion in the army, giving it to a man named Cassio, Iago begins to loathe him. He wishes to get revenge on Othello for what he has done, and manipulates many other characters when carrying out his plan. Iago develops the theme of appearance versus reality in the play by seeming kind on the outside, but truly …show more content…
Roderigo is Iago’s henchman in the play, an often helps him during his plan of revenge. Iago tells Roderigo that if he helps him in his plan of revenge, he will win the love of Desdemona. Desdemona is Othello’s wife, and Roderigo is deeply in love with her. Naturally due to his undying love for Desdemona, he accepts. When Roderigo finds out how much Othello and Desdemona actually love each other, he feels that he no longer has a chance with her. Roderigo asks Iago what to do about the situation, for he feels like drowning himself. Iago mocks him for having such a thought, then tells him, “I have said I am your friend, and I assure you that I am bound to you with ropes of enduring strength. Put money in your pocket!” (I, iii, 71) Iago is not loyal to Roderigo at all. The only reason Iago acts this way is to use him in his scheme to get revenge, and to make money is to use it for himself. Roderigo decides to follow Iago’s advice and agrees to sell all his property to make money before walking off. After Roderigo has left, Iago says, “...so I shall use this fool as my wallet. As if I would be stupid enough to waste my time with such an idiot unless I hoped to have some laughs or make some money out of it.” (I, iii, 73) Iago truly isn’t loyal to Roderigo at all. He is only using him for his own benefit, and truly only finds him idiotic. He continues to use him throughout the play as a …show more content…
Iago plans to convince Othello that Cassio and Desdemona have an affair, which will make Othello jealous and cause him to murder his beloved. For awhile Othello refuses to believe that Cassio and Desdemona have an affair, and swears he will need proof of it before they make any accusations. Iago then says, “I’m glad for this, for I now shall be able to demonstrate my friendship and my loyalty to you more fully.” (III, iii, 153) Truly, Iago does not think of Othello as a friend, nor is he truly loyal towards him. He only says this to appear as if he is helping Othello, when truly he is just plotting his downfall. Othello believes that by doing this, “... Iago, is extremely honest, and he’s very wise about the various ways people behave.” (III, iii, 157) Iago is of course opposite of this. Though he seems loyal toward Othello, he is only acting like that to gain his trust, which will help him get his revenge on him. Iago ends up receiving Desdemona’s handkerchief from his wife Emilia. This handkerchief is Othello’s first gift to Desdemona, and is a symbol of their love for eachother. Iago plants the handkerchief in Cassio’s room, and later Othello spots Cassio with it. This manages to convince him that Cassio and Desdemona truly did have an affair, and Othello begins to get extremely jealous. He vows to kill both Desdemona and Cassio. Iago promises to help him

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