Ap World Chapter 14 and 15 Outline Essay
Test Review: Rise of Islam and East Asia (Chapter 14 and 15)
1. Discuss the following with regards to Islam:
A. FOUNDING: Islam was founded by Muhammad when he received word from Allah in a prophecy (or vision). He began life in Mecca where idolatry was a main fact of life but had to flee to Madinah to escape prosecution in what has come to be known as the Hijrah. Islam spread through his family and friends at first but later his companions known as sahabat continued his work by a number of successful conquests which spread Islam to most of the middle east. Islam reached it high point when Muhammad and his army from Madinah conquered Mecca which was later deemed to the the Holy City.
B. BELIEFS: 1) Daily prayer …show more content…
HV. ECONOMY AND TRADE: Economy was previously mentioned in HII and HIII. Trade routes were established through the arid lands of Asia. The camel adapted well to the conditions and became the " ship of the desert" . The animal was used to establish trade routes throughout North Africa as well. Merv, Nishapur, Bakhara, and Samarkand were well established commercial trade centers. Used the Silk Roads from China to the Mediterranean in the west. Umayyd and Abbasid rulers maintained the roads. Roads were also used for pilgrims and missionaries. Traded mostly by caravans by camels. Maratime trade occurred in the Red Sea, Persian Gulf, Arabian Sea and the Indian Ocean. Borrowed the compass from China. Borrowed the triangular sail from southeast Asian and Indian mariners. Borrowed the astrolobe (a device used to calculate latitude) from the Hellenistic Mediterranean. Dinars were the currency in