Antibiotic Resistance In Bacteria

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The Evolution of Antibiotic Resistance in Bacteria
Bacterial infections are a leading cause of death all over the world, especially in children and the elderly, whose immune systems are not at their peak. The discovery of antibiotics in the 1940s provided doctors with a powerful weapon against harmful bacteria, often times by inhibiting their protein synthesis or cell wall formation. Within a few years of their use against certain bacteria, however, some antibiotics’ effectiveness began to decline. The relationship between MRSA bacteria and penicillin is one of many cases that demonstrate this. Within a decade of being used against MRSA, penicillin-resistant S. aureus strains became common in hospitals (Mayo Clinic). Because bacteria reproduce
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For this reason, many antibiotics that were once quite effective can no longer be used and are now obsolete. There are currently a limited number of well-studied drugs available on the market, and it often takes decades for researchers to determine whether a new antibiotic is effective and safe for use by the general public. Drug research is often extremely lengthy and expensive. Currently, the CDC’s Antibiotic Resistance Solutions Initiative is a proposed plan that would require a $264 million budget and “accelerate outbreak detection and prevention innovation, and improve antibiotic use and reduce antibiotic resistance” (Center for Disease Control and Prevention). This highlights how tremendously important it is to take preventive measures against resistance in bacteria, not only on a national scale, but on an individual level as …show more content…
Often times, they implore doctors to prescribe antibiotics for them, or obtain drugs from uncertified providers. They then proceed to take these unnecessary drugs, and believe they’re condition is improving due to the antibiotic, when it is really just their body’s immune system fighting the virus. More often than not, these people are not aware of the dangers that they are posing themselves and society with. I believe if more people were educated about the negative effects of abusing antibiotics, many would be much more careful before taking pills that they do not need. Also, I believe doctors should perform more accurate tests on patients before prescribing any medication, instead of just asking about symptoms and taking vitals. By combining these efforts with national ones, I believe that we can significantly decrease the rate at which bacteria become resistant to antibiotics, as well as preserve the effectiveness of the drugs that we currently

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