Antibiotic Resistance : Effective Prevention And Treatment Of An Increasing Range Of Infections

1147 Words Sep 25th, 2016 5 Pages
Antibiotics are the medicines which are used to prevent and treat bacterial infections. Antibiotics have saved countless lives from common infections in the past a few decades. However, in recent years, the antibiotic resistance has become a global threat to the effective prevention and treatment of an increasing range of infections at an alarming pace (Podolsky et al., 2015).
Antibiotic resistance occurs when microbe evolves and become more resistant to antibiotics drug and it can lead to the treatment of many bacterial infections becoming increasingly limited, expensive and ineffective (Harbarth, Albrich & Brun-Buisson, 2002). The number multi-drug resistant TB infection is as high as 480,000 each year, and the fight against antibiotic-resistant HIV and malaria is spreading around the world. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), in United States there are as many as two million people developing an infection caused by antibiotic-resistant bacteria every year and 23,000 die as a direct result of these antibiotic-resistant infections annually (Kotwani et al., 2016).
In addition, antibiotic resistance also imposes a significant financial burden on economies. As the antibiotic-resistant infections require longer and more expensive treatments, additional tests and extend hospital stays, the cost of health care for patients with resistant infections is higher than those without them. (Fleming-Dutra,2013). United States alone, about $35 billion was…

Related Documents