Essay about Antibiotic Resistance And Its Effects

1027 Words Nov 15th, 2016 5 Pages
Introduction: Antibiotic resistance is the ability of bacteria to resist the effects of an antibiotic. Antibiotic resistance occurs when bacteria change in a way that reduces the effectiveness of drugs, chemicals, or other agents designed to cure or prevent infections. The bacteria survive and continue to multiply, causing more harm. The reason I chose the topic antibiotic resistance is because people abuse and overuse antibiotics, making their body more susceptible to the drug. This causes more harm than good because the bacteria in your body change so that antibiotics does not work effectively to fight them off anymore. Antibiotic resistance has become a major clinical and public health problem within the lifetime of most people living today [Feature, J. E].
Infectious diseases are the second-leading cause of death globally and the most significant cause of death in children. Antibiotics represent one of the largest therapeutic categories used in the treatment of infectious diseases caused by bacteria, but the successful use of any therapeutic agent is negotiated by the potential development of tolerance or resistance to that compound from the time it is first employed. In clinical environments, pathogenic and commensal bacteria are tested with high concentrations of antibiotics and bacteria have become resistant to most of the antibiotics developed [Schmieder, R]. Within the hospital setting, resistance pathogens often appear within a few years after a new antibiotic…

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