Anti War and Pro War Movements of the 20th Century Essay

3492 Words Mar 16th, 2014 14 Pages
Pro-war and Anti-war movements for the 20th century

There have been movements that support or oppose war throughout all of history. The 20th century saw this movement coalesce into a much larger and more diverse series of society changing events. Spanish-American war, World War I, World War II, the Cold War, Korea, Vietnam and Desert Storm were all wars that helped American society evolve into what it is today. For each of the conflicts, there were opposing points of view as to the amount of involvement or to even become involved at all. The pro-war or more conservative point of view lists strength and strong support for our allies as a primary focal point. The anti-war or liberal point of view is more of an isolationist or
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There were many similar organizations that opposed war and militarism. Some of them include the American Union Against War and Militarism, the Emergency Peace Federation and The Women’s Peace Party. These organizations were also for pacific inter-nationalism where diplomacy and discussion addressed differences between nations and war was no longer a need. Most of these organizations had strong ties to the socialist and communist parties of the time.
In spite of President Woodrow Wilson being elected largely because he ran largely on a platform of “he kept us out of the war,” the government was the biggest proponent of entering the war and used major propaganda efforts to sway public opinion in favor of entering the war. The government created committees such as the Creel Commission to develop a pro war footing in the public. A bit of irony in the outcome of America entering the war was the massive expansion labor unions, who opposed participation in the war, as well as industrial expansion that occurred during and after the war. The government used propaganda such as the “Zimmerman Telegram,” which provided evidence that the German government was soliciting the help of Mexico by entering the war on the side of Germany to force America to defend her borders thus reducing her capabilities in helping the allied forces in Europe. The telegram which was received in January of 1917, promised Mexico that they could

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