Anorexia Nervos A Serious Eating Disorder Essay
Anorexia nervosa is a serious eating disorder that can become fatal. It is characterized by a preoccupation with food to the point of starvation, weight loss, and a disturbance in a person’s body image. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fifth edition (DSM-V) lists diagnostic criteria as the following: “restriction of energy intake relative to requirement, leading to a significantly low body weight”; “intense fear of gaining weight or becoming fat, or persistent behavior that interferes with weight gain”; and “disturbance in the way in which one’s body weight or shape is experienced” (Sheppard Pratt Health System, 2015).
Anorexia has many etiologies, including but not limited to: heredity, as evidenced by twin studies; biological factors such as abnormalities with neurotransmitters; psychological factors, in which a person’s personality type can predispose them to the disease; and social factors such as disordered families and extreme life events (Davidson, 2015, p. 283).
Anorexia nervosa may affect many cultures; however, it is most commonly seen in cultures where there is plenty of food and there are high values placed on appearing thin (Davidson, 2015, p. 282). The majority of those who suffer from anorexia are Caucasian, have a middle household income, and are in the adolescent age range (Davidson, 2015, p. 282). Competitive athletes, as well as those whose appearance is judged as part of their career have…