The world wide web is a pool of information where documents, files and web pages can be found and shared. Internet servers support specialised documents for the world wide web. It is not to be confused with the internet, as the world wide web is an application running off the internet. They are identified using URLs (Uniform Resource Locator), using hyperlink links to link one page to another. Information on the world wide web is formatted in HTML, which transforms into information in the form of text or graphics, or allows links to be connected to other documents. Web browsers are used to access the world wide web and therefore 'surf ' the internet. It was founded in 1989 by Sir Tim Berners Lee to allow the internet to share and distribute information, allowing data to be sent to others. The first website was created by him in 1991. The following year, the first web server was set up in the USA. The world wide web is a powerful resource as it allows users to share and view other’s work, and allows connection with others across the world.
1. Internet Service Providers (ISP)
An ISP is a company providing email, web hosting and online storage devices as a service. Each customer receives a modem which allows access to the internet as it allows computers to transmit data. The internet service provider also finds where a request is needed to be sent for access to the internet. ISP’s can be used for both everyday home users and businesses, typically at a monthly fee.