Breuer's Theory Of Psychoanalysis

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Milton et al. (2011) described psychoanalysis as a theory that explores the human mind workings, and a method of psychotherapeutic treatment. Psychoanalysis was founded by the psychologist Sigmund Freud (Jarvin, 2011). The central feature of this theory is the belief that most of the thoughts and dreams are unconscious: the individual is unaware of its existence (Milton et al., 2011). The main aim of psychoanalysis as follows: to help individual’s suffering from psychological disorder, gain insight about the cause of disorder, work towards change, to utilise healthier methods of defence, to alleviate the symptoms and distress caused due to the disorders, and strengthen the ego to manage inner balance effectively (British Psychoanalytic Council, …show more content…
The case was the basis in the creation of Freud’s theory of psychoanalysis and discovery of mental illness (Ellenberger, 1982). Although Freud did not treat Anna O, he was able to create hypothesis regarding neurosis and treatment of neurosis with information shared by Breuer (Jacobs, 2003). Breuer was able to find the source of her symptoms using hypnosis, which Anna coined as ‘talking cure’ (Jacobs, 2003). Under hypnosis, Anna was able to recall and discharge the emotions and had a cathartic effect on her (Jacobs, 2003). Therefore, hypnosis was considered one of methods in treating neurosis. Freud, however, later discarded the idea due to ineffectiveness and unreliability of hypnosis in actual treatment of neurosis and its symptoms (Bachner-Melman and Lichtenberg, …show more content…
Some features of psychodynamic therapy are as follows: focusing on expressing repressed emotions, awareness and recognition of recurring patterns that are harmful to client, and emphasis on the therapeutic relationship (Usher, 2013). Psychodynamic therapy aims to help clients gain insight into their unconscious thought processes and its influences in their behaviour (Center for Substance Abuse Treatment,

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