Animal Training Research Paper Outline

975 Words 4 Pages
Research Outline
Issue: Animal training methods and their effectiveness in terms of safety and success in producing desired outcomes.
Thesis: Positive reinforcement training (PRT) is more effective in animal training than other traditional methods of training as it promotes obedience through a trusting relationship, reduces stress on the animal, and benefits the well-being and safety of both animal and trainer.
I. Introduction: Widely used animal training techniques have varied from making an animal comply with force or sedation, to dominance training and reinforcement training.
1. Provide a brief history of animal training and why it is necessary.
II. Claim: There has been much speculation about the most effective training methods for different
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Discuss dominance training and PRT in detail and what they consist of.
3. Provide secondary research and speculation.
IV. Claim: Dominance training is utilized for lab animals and the forceful methods used create unnecessarily high levels of distress in the animals, mental vacancy, non-compliance, and puts the safety of the animals and the trainer at risk.
1. Provide primary research from studies.
2. Discuss why lab animals must be taught to comply with restraints for research purposes.
V. Claim: The dominance method was the traditional training technique for decades, but is now viewed by many as inhumane.
1. Provide primary research on stressful effects of dominance technique from scholarly studies.
2. Acknowledge and refute an opposing view in favor of dominance training or negative reinforcement as opposed to PRT (discuss the assumption that dogs are pack animals because of their biological descent from wolves and need to be dominated).
3. Maslow’s hierarchy: need for acceptance and esteem (accepted by public opinion, credibility valued)
VI. Claim: Positive reinforcement in restraint training proves effective in 100% of test subjects and reduces cortisol levels.
1. Provide statistical data and primary research from
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Then I want to discuss the social change around inhumane animal practices and activism concerning animal welfare. Additionally, I want to discuss the various animal training techniques that are widely used as well as the various settings where training is utilized. I want to provide a personal example of animal training and briefly give some insight into speculation on the matter. I would also like to include the perspective of animal trainers because this would have an impact on my readers if people in charge of training animals also agree that positive reinforcement training is safer and more conducive to the desired outcomes of training than other methods. I will also include an opposing view to positive reinforcement training in favor of a technique such as negative reinforcement or maybe even dominance training, particularly in dogs if I can find a credible source because I want my readers to know that I am not entirely against other training methods like negative reinforcement. The major claims that I want to discuss are: Positive reinforcement training is more effective in animal training than other traditional methods of training, as it promotes obedience through a trusting relationship, reduces stress on the animal, and benefits the well-being and safety of both animal and trainer, and the forceful methods used in dominance and punishment training create

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