Animal Testing Pros And Cons

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Animal Experimentation Aside from agony and a shortened life, do animals get any benefit from being used for biomedical research? The use of animals for research goes back to Greek and Roman times. Biomedical animal experimentation has led to many cures for diabetes, antibiotics, polio, tranquilizers, etc. In 1966, the U.S. Congress passed the Animal Welfare Act (AWA) to exclude birds and certain types of rats and mice used in research. Many believe we need the use of biomedical research to find advances for future human health. Others argue that animal testing is not necessary, they feel that harming and killing the animals is inhumane (SIRS). This paper will examine the pro, con and my viewpoint on whether animals should be used for biomedical …show more content…
Firstly, for the con side, animal testing is seen as unpopular and ineffective. John Ericson, a reporter for Newsweek, explains that the public’s support for animal testing has been decreasing since the 1950’s (Ericson). People in the teens and 20’s show the most decrease that animal research is unnecessary. Ericson notes that humans and rats are similar in only a few ways, but rats do not have the same biology as people. According to Ericson, less than 10 percent of chemicals tested on animals are approved for human consumption (Ericson). Next, animal research is often seen as abusive and unnecessary, many scientific laboratories will stop doing so. An editor at Trentonian Newspaper notes that animal activists have shown that lab animals were abused during research (Trentonian). The Trentonian also reports that the IOM “concluded that all research on chimps is unnecessary”. In addition the Trentonian emphasizes that many organizations are decreasing research on animals, including drug maker Merck, the NIH, British drug maker GlaxoSmithKline PLC, etc. (Trentonian). Finally, The National Institute of Health is reducing the use of chimpanzees for biomedical research. Director of NIH Dr. Collins claims, “Americans have benefited greatly from the chimpanzees’ service to biomedical research, but new scientific methods and technologies have rendered their use in research largely unnecessary” (NIH). …show more content…
For starters, animals should only be used for serious health conditions. The NIH committee encourages scientist to continue using chimps to find a vaccine for hepatitis C virus (NIH). Also, according to The Independent Newspaper, using animals will benefit tremendously for diseases like Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s. Wall Street Journal writer, Frankie L. Trull, confirms that “Patients with aggressive brain tumors finally have a reason for hope. Thanks to the work of scientist and physicians at Duke University, a new experimental treatment used on macaque monkeys in research for Glioblastoma Multiforme or GBM is saving the lives of people who suffer from this disease.” The next circumstance in which animal experimentation is acceptable is when the species is not in danger of extinction in the wild. Breeding is essential to scientists, so they do not drive research species extinct. This will allow scientist to continue research on animals/rodents that have similarities as humans. Trull explains that monkeys used for research in the U.S. come from breeding farms in Asia and Mauritius. Michael Anft from Johns Hopkins Magazine points out the Federal Government and laboratories breed up to 3,500 strains of mice for their unique research (Anft). According to Keyata Thompson, a researcher for Hopkins University, the school has around 10 facilities to raise and breed mice. They also breed and ship

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