Animal testing can be defined as the process of using animals in experiments.
Normally the research such as biomedical researches, drug tests and toxicology tests are conducted in universities, medical schools, and pharmaceutical companies. Scientists use many types of animals in their experiments such as guinea pigs, hamsters, gerbils, monkeys, chimpanzees, rats, mice, dogs and cats. Around 50-100 millions vertebrates are used in experiments annually and in United States, the number of rats and mice used are 20 million annually. The articles that are going to be discussed in this piece of writing are, “Animal Testing A Necessary Research Tool, for Now” written by Dr. George Poste and “Of Mice Or Men, The Problems With Animal Testing”
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The author of the second article, “Of Mice Or Men, The Problems with Animal Testing” believes that there is no problem with animal testing, but the only problem is the result which is not applicable to humans. He gives an example from an experiment done on some men. In the experiment, they are injected with tiny doses of TGN1412; the same doses given to some animals. Those animals do not have any ill effects but for the men, they writhe on the floor after a couple of minutes being injected. Some of them suffered permanent organ damage, and one man's head swelled up so horribly that British tabloids refer to the case as the "elephant man trial." This shows that animal testing does not necessarily bring benefit to humans. Moreover, the writer also suggests that new design in animal testing is needed such as the scientists can use transgenic mice with genes knocked out, inserted, or imported from the human genome. Instead of making more animal to suffer because of the unknown result or effect, this way can helps to give a better result since human genome is used. In addition, the writers also include many examples and data to support his argument in this article. He brings them from the Health and Environmental Science Institute, Frederick Banting and Charles Best's diabetic dogs, and Bureau of Mines' George A. Burrell. Those data and examples are able to support and explain more upon the issues presented.
Obviously, both articles are similar in discussing the