Angkor Wat Analysis

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Register to read the introduction… To begin with, Angkor Wat and Giza were built during different levels of development regarding its society. Angkor Wat was constructed during the Khmer empire which was the period when it is the major power in its region (UNESCO Angkor Wat, 2014). King Jiyavarman II, who created the foundations of the Khmer Empire, has led the Khmer empire to become a dominant power in south-east Asia for nearly five centuries (UNESCO Angkor Wat, 2014). However, ancient Egyptians completed the pyramids of Giza during the old empire which was the starting point of the creations of Egyptians development and dynasty (Beers, 1983, p.23). As mentioned by Beers (1983, p.23), first dynasty that was established in Egypt were the Menes, who united the upper and lower Egypt and reestablished a new ruling system which period known as the old kingdom. During the old kingdom, the pharaoh, or the great house, has absolute control and organized Egypt into a strong centralized government (Beers, 1983, p.23). Next, the citizens in the both periods are strongly believed in their religions that assisted in the completion of the two structures. Suryavarman II, who was the mastermind of the construction, strongly believed in Hinduism which followed by his citizens that can be seen through the carvings of Vishnu, one of the many gods of Hinduism, and other storylines that existed in the Vedas (Ngim, 2014, p.20). Similarly, the Egyptians also have faithful belief into god (Beers, 1983, p.21). Beers (1983, p.21) has mentioned that, the most important Egyptian god was the sun good, Amon-Re, that symbolized the birth to the Egyptians. Moreover, the Egyptians believed in the afterlife that makes the Egyptians to make tombs which filled with treasures and foods that they thought they would need in the afterlife (Beers, …show more content…
Firstly, the main aim of the construction of Angkor Wat was dedicated to Hinduism and especially Vishnu (UNESCO Angkor Wat, 2014). Conversely, the Pyramids of Giza were built especially as a tomb to preserve the Pharaoh Khufu’s body because “The Egyptians believed that as a god, the pharaoh needed a suitable house for his spirit for the afterlife” (Beers, 1983, p.23). Secondly, the intension of building both of these structures was to showing off their nation’s wealth. The construction of Angkor Wat has shown the prosperity in the Khmer Empire through the amount of money and labors that have spent on the project (Chandler, 2009, p.61). Likewise, as mentioned by Beers (1983, p.24), “These massive tombs are evidence of the great wealth and power of Egyptians rulers in the Old Kingdom. Thousands of laborers had to be recruited, fed, clothed, and housed during the year it took to build a pyramid”. Third, the other signification of building these buildings was to compete with their previous leaders. Particularly, during the Khmer Empire the king focus on celebrating their wealth and constructing more temples rather than developing their countries (Lonely Planet Angkor Wat, 2014). Meanwhile, these autocratic ruler tried to legitimize their leaderships by building more temples (Lonely Planet Angkor Wat, 2014). Similarly, King Khufu ordered the construction of the massive tombs to show that he is a stronger leader by building a more elaborated and bigger tombs than the one that were built by Zoser, who is the previous king (Beers, 1983, p.24). Even though the main purpose constructing of these two temples are heading opposite directions, its indications are the same which to illustrate their wealth and to challenge the former

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