Anger And Inflation

4544 Words 19 Pages
Register to read the introduction… Indeed, a later study showed that simply recording the frequency of miserable expressions was sufficient to indicate the presence of a depressing situation because the verbal reports never occurred in the absence of a miserable expression (Wiseacre, 1966). Following Wiseacre and Smartalec’s work on the relationship between depression and facial expressions there have been attempts to discover similar relationships between other facial expressions and feelings. Several studies have shown a strong positive relationship between jaw clenching and verbal reports of anger and frustration (e.g. Blackwell, 1990; McMillan & Wiley, 1991; West, 1993). McMillan and Wiley (1991) also found a positive correlation between independent ratings of the nastiness of certain winding-up tasks and the rate of jaw clenching which those tasks induce. If jaw clenching rate is, as McMillan and Wiley (1991) suggest, a valid measure of anger and frustration then it follows that the goal of increasing human happiness set by Smith et al. (1995) could be achieved by eliminating or avoiding all tasks that induce jaw clenching. What is more, the programme could be carried out while avoiding the problem of the direct observation of feelings raised by Killjoy (1996). Unfortunately it may not be practical to eliminate or avoid all winding-up tasks. Many essential functions depend on frustration inducing tasks and removing these from the global economy might precipitate financial collapse, war, famine, and disease (B. Oldfart, lecture, September 21, 1996). However, a recent newspaper article has suggested that anything can be tolerated provided that the duration of exposure is short (“Just a Quickie,” 1996). If this speculation proved accurate it may be that even very nasty tasks could be withstood for short periods without inducing anger and frustration. To test this hypothesis the present experiment examined the relationship between jaw clenching rate and the duration …show more content…
If they are very detailed (29.1) it may be better to place them in an appendix. However, if you do this (29.2) you still have to summarise them in your Procedure section. Your reader must at least know the ÔgistÕ of what the participants were told.

30) The nature of the data collected (e.g. Òreaction time in centiseconds.Ó) should be made clear in the final sentences of the Procedure subsection, but (30.1) leave any information on the outcome of the study to the Results section. For example, analysing the data is not part of the Procedure. All analyses should be reported in the Results section.

31) This section should report your findings without (31.1) discussing or interpreting them. DonÕt (31.2) start with a table or figure. You normally start by giving (31.3) summary (descriptive) statistics. These can be included in sentences (e.g. ÒThe mean jaw clenching rate for the 10 min group was 2 (N = 62, SD = .03Ó) or, as here, in the form of a table. Go on to (31.4) describe the pattern of results in sentences. Where graphs and figures are appropriate they are usually the best way to display findings (but see Point 33 below). 32) Make sure that any table or figure given is referred to in the text at some

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