Male Breast Cancer Essay

1652 Words 7 Pages
AbstractBreast cancer is a malignant tumor that developed from breast cells. It usually starts in the inner lining of the milk ducts and can spread to other parts of the body. There are several signs and symptoms of breast cancer. A lump in breast tissue is one of the first signs or symptoms of breast cancer. In recent years, breast cancer has been slightly increasing among African-American women, while remaining stable among white women. There has been a slight increase of breast cancer in men, in the past 30 years.A self-exam can lead to the detection of a lump in the breast which will require further investigation. A mammography, an ultrasound or a biopsy can be used to determine a true diagnosis of breast cancer. Early detection is …show more content…
There has been a slight increase of breast cancer in men, in the past 30 years.Although studies have suggested that breast cancer disparities are the result of environmental and societal factors, including access to health care, there is no exact reason for persistent disparities (National Cancer Institute, 2008). Factors that might contribute to the increase of breast cancer and the differences in survival rate among African-Americans are lack of medical coverage, barriers to early detection and screening, and unequal access to improvements in cancer treatment (National Cancer Institute, 2008).Population:Male breast cancer is relatively rare. However, there is thousands new male breast cancer diagnosed in the United States each year, as well as hundreds of male deaths from the disease, between the ages of twenty to ninety years old. However, most cases of male breast cancer develop in men who are sixty-five years old or older. Over two-hundred thousand females and over two-thousand males are diagnosed with breast cancer in the United States yearly.Diagnosing, Testing & Procedure:A self-exam can leads to the detection of a lump in the breast which …show more content…
The side effects after having surgery include itching, skin irritation, sensitivity to touch, loss of sensation and numbness. The side effects as a result of radiation therapy include skin sensitivity, pink color or redness, itching, burning, soreness, possible peeling, armpit discomfort, chest pain, fatigue, heart problems, lowered WBC count and lung problems. The side effects experienced by patients after chemotherapy includes hair loss, mouth sores, loss of appetite, nausea, fatigue, diarrhea, neuropathy, chemo brain and menstrual changes. The side effects with Targeted Therapy includes kidney failure, insomnia, hot flashes, nosebleeds, high blood pressure, protein in urine, constipation, nerve damage, heart problems and lung problems.Expense:The costs associated with treatment for breast cancer can be a financial burden for some people and their families, even with health insurance (Breastcancer.org, April 7, 2016). The estimated cost of radiation external beam is $6000 to $8000 and internal radiation (brachytherapy), $12,000. The estimated cost for chemotherapy oral, which is not covered by

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